Bhutan is a small Himalayan Kingdom wedged between its neighboring state of India and China. A country size of the Switzerland is home to just over 790,000 people. Its primeval history prior to the unification and conception of modern day Bhutan is filled with series of Tibetan Buddhist saints travelling across the valley preaching Buddhism. The era marked the genesis of a deeply rooted Buddhist nation. Its subsequent consolidation of the land under single authority was marked with the construction of gigantic fortresses on ridges overlooking the valley across different region. The presence of these fortresses across the valley symbolizes the recognition of a central authority and solidarity. Barring its negligible barter trade and religion inspired cultural exchange with Tibet and India; Bhutan lived through a period of self-imposed isolation until the mid-20th century. This extended period of isolation impervious to globalization has aided in the preservation of its unique heritage.
International tourism in Bhutan first began in 1974 commemorating the coronation of the Fourth King of Bhutan. Considered a living museum, tourists can experience the tranquility of ancient temples adorned with exquisitely drawn murals and intricately sculpted statues depicting pantheon of Buddhist gods. Tourists can also explore the majestic medieval fortresses. The architectural aesthetics of every fort embodies the traditional arts and crafts of Bhutan.